Europe’s Borders in 2021: a Visual Review

We’re back with the latest instalment of the annual (visual) review of European borders. Covid 19 (again!) has cast a long shadow’s over inter- and intra-European mobility (welcome Covid passports!). Cross-border journeys by land and water have continued, some of them through new locations. This is the case of the gelid frontier between Poland and Belarus or the short (but still perilous) journey from France to the UK (after all, in the post Brexit world, the Channel is a European external border too..). Enjoy!

January

Dress rehearsal: the EU border agency gets a new uniform

Source: Frontex https://frontex.europa.eu/media-centre/multimedia/videos/uniforms-of-the-european-border-and-coast-guard-standing-corps-Fv4XEx

February

Locked down (again): internal border control reimposed throughout the EU

Source: Schengen Visa Info https://www.schengenvisainfo.com/news/several-schengen-countries-reintroduce-border-controls-in-context-of-covid-19/

March

Testing times: EU countries require negative Covid test to enter their territories

Schengen Visa Info https://www.schengenvisainfo.com/news/spain-requires-negative-covid-19-test-results-at-french-border/

April

A different type of green EU: member states agree to Covid 19 passport

Schengen Visa Info https://www.schengenvisainfo.com/news/member-states-agree-on-digital-green-certificate-technical-specifications-one-step-closer-to-its-implementation/

May

Making it: migrants in the Spanish enclave of Ceuta

Source: Guardian https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/may/17/record-1000-migrants-reach-spains-north-african-enclave-ceuta-in-a-day

July

A step closer to Schengen: Bulgaria and Romania gain access to EU VISA Information System

Source: Schengen Visa Info https://www.schengenvisainfo.com/news/bulgaria-romania-gain-read-only-access-to-eus-visa-information-system/

August

Where is your mask: Covid 19 (again) affecting Europe-bound tourism

Source: @ Carmel Rossen | Unsplash

September

Change the Channel: the journey from France to the UK

Source: Ben Stansall/AFP/Getty Images https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2021/09/09/migrant-boats-britain-france-channel/

October

Tense times at the Poland-Belarus border

Source: Deutsche Welle https://www.dw.com/en/poland-claims-belarusian-forces-fired-shots-across-border/a-59452671

November

Alpine Crossing: migrants walking through the Italy-France border

France © Daniel Cole/AP https://www.ft.com/content/6b74f042-42b1-4b6d-8c9c-ca16e612d3c4

December

Tunnel vision: France denies entry to British EU-residents

Source: Politico https://www.politico.eu/article/eu-based-brits-cant-travel-home-via-eurotunnel-company-warns/

Europe’s borders in 2020: a visual review

The end of an extraordinary year, affecting every corner of the world, including European borders! But it has not been just about Covid. Brexit and the Mediterranean once again make it into the list, among other border-related events across the Old Continent. Below you will find a visual review of 12 months to remember…

January

The journeys through Europe’s southern border continue…

Photo: Migrants on an overcrowded wooden boat in the Mediterranean Sea on January 10, 2020 | Photo: Picture-alliance/AP Photo/Santi Palacios

February

Violence at Europe South-Eastern border

Photo: Signs of violence on an asylum seeker in northern Turkey at the Greek border.  Belal Khaled

March

Covid hits, and Europe’s internal borders shut down (the temporary barriers series)

A temporary border barrier between Belgium and the Netherlands. Nico Vereecken / Photonews via Getty

Another temporary border barrier between Belgium and the Netherlands. Robin Utrecht/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty

A temporary border barrier in Poland. Stefan Sauer/picture alliance via Getty

Check point at a Czech Republic border. Sebastian Kahnert/picture alliance via Getty

A temporary border check between Poland and Germany. ODD ANDERSEN/AFP via Getty

A makeshift border between Germany and the Czech Republic. Hendrik Schmidt/picture alliance via Getty

A temporary border barrier between Denmark and Germany. Frank Molter/picture alliance via Getty

The Vatican City-Italy border. REMO CASILLI/Reuters

(Sources for Temporary barriers series: Thomas Pallini, “Photos show the emergency makeshift borders European countries have erected in an attempt to stop the spread of COVID-19”, Business Insider, 4 April 2020. https://www.businessinsider.com/coronavirus-european-borders-closed-in-response-to-covid-19-2020-4)

April

‘Temporary’ shut down of Europe’s borders extended…

A makeshift border between Germany and Switzerland. ARND WIEGMANN/Reuters

May

Europe reopens (some of) its internal borders

Photo: Luxembourg and German Foreign Ministers stand on the bridge over the Moselle River at the reopened border between the two countries on Saturday 16 May 2020. Credit: Oliver Dietze/dpa/Alamy Live News June

June

Europe continues to reopen (some of) its internal borders

Swiss customs officials open a fence closing the Swiss-French border in Thonex near Ambilly, France AFP

July

Summer European travelling in times of Covid…

Checking for coronavirus symptoms, Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport in Rome, Italy, June 3, 2020. /AP

August

Entry-Exit System Pilot Project to Be Launched at EU Land Borders

September

The Swiss say yes to (continued) free movement in the EU

Photo: A poster of the Action for an independent and neutral Switzerland (AUNS) reading: “It’s getting tight -Yes to the anti-immigration initiative”. Adliswil, Switzerland September 15, 2020. REUTERS/Arnd Wiegmann/File Photo

October

The second wave hits European borders

Photo:  Checks at Hungary’s border. Gergely Besenyei/AFP/Getty Images

November

France calls for the reform of Schengen (again)

Photo: French President Emmanuel Macron during a visit to the border between France and Spain | Pool photo by Guillaume Horcajuelo/AFP via Getty Images

December

UK-EU deal and a new border in Gibraltar

Photo: Gibraltar. AP

A taste of Brexit’s Kent border?

Photo: Lorries line up on the way to Dover; PA

HAPPY 2021!!!

Europe’s borders in 2019 : a visual review

Here we go again: another year, another (visual) review of all that has affected European borders in 2019. Brexit (once again) took center stage, but also Schengen’s ‘internal’ borders, migrants crossing the Meditteranean, and more refugee art… Enjoy!

 

December

Internal border checks within Schengen: no more needed, and yet…

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

November

New powers for Europe’s border agency

 

 

 

 

 

 

The revival of the “Balkan mini Schengen”

 

 

 

 

 

 

October

Johnson’s Brexit deal and Nothern Ireland: hard border with Great Britain?

 

 

 

 

 

 

Croatia as new Schengen member: The Commission says yes!

 

 

 

 

 

 

September

Still at it! Turkey ups pressure on visa-free entry into EU

 

 

 

 

 

 

August

‘Makes Me Sick’: Ai Weiwei Says Europe Has Turned Its Back on Refugees

 

 

 

 

 

July

Banksy’s Brexit mural mysteriously disappears…

 

 

 

 

 

 

June

Angels Unaware | Timothy P. Schmalz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

May 2019

Banksy resurfaces in Venice…

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

April

Check check check! Austria prolongs border controls with Hungary and Slovenia

 

 

 

 

 

 

March

Teenage African migrants accused of hijacking tanker

 

 

 

 

 

 

EU ends migrant rescue mission in the Mediterranean

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

February

African states say no to EU migrant camp plans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

January

We end as we started… – Hassan Fazili on the refugee journey

 

Europe’s borders in 2018: a visual review

The Brexit saga, the Mediterranean tragedy, the Schengen pantomime, the asylum redistribution farce… These are some of the ‘performances’ that defined European borders in 2018. Below you will find a visual review of the year that has just passed.

 

January

Living in a post-Brexit world…France and UK fight over the ‘new’ Channel border 

 

 

 

 

 

 

February

Living in a post-Brexit world 2: Irish passports quite popular these days …

 

 

 

 

 

 

March

Plus ça change…: Germany Interior minister calls for suspension of Schengen Agreement

 

 

 

 

 

 

April

Oh well, post-Brexit UK ‘blue passports’ will be printed in the EU after all…

 

 

 

 

 

 

May

Give me more…European Commission wants 10,000 border guards

 

 

June

Closed ports: The Aquarius saga in the Mediterranean

 

 

 

 

 

 

July

Breaking taboos: Serbia proposes a territorial swap with Kosovo…

 

 

 

 

 

 

August

…and the EU commission gives the go-ahead to the swap!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

September

Tightening the screw: Germany and Austria back tougher EU external border

 

 

 

 

 

 

October

High alert at the border! Italian police blow up a bag of…coconuts!!!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

November

EU backs (once again) plans for migrant centres in Africa

 

 

 

 

 

December

Here we go again…EU leaders stuck on asylum reform

 

 

 

 

 

 

Europe’s borders in 2017: a visual review

Trumpean walls, Libya’s new slaves, Frontex vs NGOs, the Irish/Brexit border conundrum, the permanence of temporary checks at internal frontiers… These are some of the themes that defined European borders in 2017. Here is a visual review of the year that has just passed.

 

January

Not just a US thing: poll finds European support for Trump-like refugee ban

 

 

 

 

 

 

February

The time is not ripe: Schengen temporary border controls extended

 

 

 

 

 

 

March

Slave trade at Europe’s outskirts

 

 

 

 

 

 

April

Drama! Frontex vs NGOs, or who is making Europe’s migration crisis worse?

 

 

 

 

 

 

May

Rebel rebel…Denmark says no to lift temporary border controls

 

 

 

 

 

 

June

At last! Visa-free travel for Ukrainians to the EU

 

 

 

 

 

 

July

EU naval mission in Med: really helpful?

 

 

 

 

 

 

August

They did it at last… Austria starts checks at Italian border (or did they)?

 

 

 

 

 

 

September

“Temporary”? EU to allow Schengen border controls for up to three years

 

 

 

 

 

 

October

Romania’s (ruined) Schengen Plans: again, not the right time

 

 

 

 

 

 

November

 Celebrating 10 years of Schengen in Eastern Europe

 

 

 

 

 

 

December

May the force be with you: Brexit and the Irish border crucible

 

 

 

 

 

 

***

Europe’s borders in 2014: a visual review

It’s been an eventful year for border-related matters in Europe. Here are some visual highlights of the last 12 months…

February 2014

EUhh! The Swiss vote no to more European migrants

Eu Swiss referendum

March 2014

Crime(a) and punishment: Russian crimeans can’t apply for Schengen visas

Crimea Schengen 2

May 2014

All’s quiet on the Eastern front: Polish-German border 10 years after enlargement

Polish-German border

October 2014

Surreal Melilla: Golfers vs migrants in the Spanish enclave

Melilla vs golfers

October 2014

Parking Lot Desperation: Syrian cars at Turkish border near Kobani

Kobani cars

November 2014 

The new marshmallows: ISIS fighters burn French passports

french-passports-isis-fighters.si

December 2014

The answer my friend…: anti-migrant Calais fence blown by the wind

Calais fence

January-December 2014

Mediterranean Blues: more boats, rescues and drownings…

Mediterranean rescue

See you all in 2015!!!

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